远程桌面软件VNC Server在centos7上如何安装

如果服务器为centos7_minimal版本,则需要安装desktop(服务器系统为centos7_desktop则忽略)

yum groupinstall -y "GNOME Desktop"
关闭防火墙 
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld 
[root@localhost ~]# firewall-cmd --state 	#查看防火墙是否关闭
not running

1.安装vnc server

yum install -y tigervnc-server tigervnc-server-module

2.复制vnc server的配置文件 vncserver@:1.service、vncserver@:2.service为连接不同的远程桌面,连接ip为ip:1、ip:2 (即为提供2个远程连接方式,VNC Server:ip:1、ip:2)

cp /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@:1.service 
cp /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@:2.service

3.修改vncserver@:1.service、vncserver@:2.service配置文件

[root@localhost ~]# vi /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@:1.service
... 
[Unit] Description=Remote desktop service (VNC) After=syslog.target network.target  
[Service] Type=forking  # Clean any existing files in /tmp/.X11-unix environment ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :' #ExecStart=/usr/sbin/runuser -l <USER> -c "/usr/bin/vncserver %i" #use root to login      --GUY_GO ExecStart=/usr/sbin/runuser -l root -c "/usr/bin/vncserver %i" #use root to login      --GUY_GO #PIDFile=/home/<USER>/.vnc/%H%i.pid PIDFile=/root/.vnc/%H%i.pid ExecStop=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :'  
[Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target

4.重新加载启动配置

systemctl daemon-reload

5.设置vnc server密码

[root@localhost ~]# vncpasswd Password: Verify: Passwords don't match - try again Password: [root@localhost ~]# vncpasswd Password: Verify: Would you like to enter a view-only password (y/n)? n A view-only password is not used

6.启动vnc server

[root@localhost ~]# vncserver #启动第一个远程桌面  
New 'localhost.localdomain:1 (root)' desktop is localhost.localdomain:1  Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /root/.vnc/localhost.localdomain:1.log  [root@localhost ~]# vncserver  #启动第二个远程桌面  
New 'localhost.localdomain:2 (root)' desktop is localhost.localdomain:2  Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /root/.vnc/localhost.localdomain:2.log [root@localhost ~]#

或使用以下命令启动

systemctl start vncserver@:1.service systemctl start vncserver@:2.service

7.关闭vncserver

 pkill -9  vnc

systemctl stop vncserver@:1.service

8.使用VNC Viewer连接 windows下载vnc viewer并安装;

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